Ethnology of Europe
Lecturer(s): prof. dr. Baskar Bojan
Genesis of ethnology of Europe in the history of anthropology and proto-subdisciplines such as 'statistics', ethnography, folklore, Volkskunde... Short overview of early Ethnology of Europe (ethnogenesis of European peoples and racial-cultural theories on migrations and diffusions; culture area approach). Regional divisions of Europe. Problems of European boundaries, especially in the east and south. Orientalist discourses on Europe and Others. Inclusivist and exclusivist cultural definitions of Europe. Europe of nations, Europe of regions or Europe of peoples? Creation of national identities and European nationalisms. Ethnoregionalisms and ethnonationalisms (Padanian, Occitan, Istrian, Basque, etc.). Cultural racism, populism, far-right identity movements. Uses and history of ethnic myths, national mythologies and imperial legacies. 'Supranational' inventions of ethnocultural identities (Celtomania, Slavophilia, Eurasianism...). Contemporary processes of European integration and ethnology of EU. Multiculturalism and creolization.